Siddhartha Gautama Buddha was son of King Suddhodana. He was a leader of the Shakya people, who lived in southern Nepal and was a righteous king. The Shakya were probably Tibeto-Burman in ethnic origin, but were Indo-Aryan and Hindu in culture and religion. These Shakya people had long been living in the Himalayan foothills and uplands of ancient India and present day southern Nepal at least as far back as during 1000 B.C. The Buddha PREACHED that the law of karma, could not be avoided, when the karma ripened, no one could stop, not even someone who could perform miracles. He lost his mother, Queen Maya, just after seven days of his birth and her place as mother was taken by her sister, whose devotion and love became legendary.
B) He when reached the age for 29 years ,requested his father “I wish to retire to a peaceful place in the forest, where I can engage in deep meditation and quickly attain full enlightenment. Once I have attained enlightenment I shall be able to repay the kindness of all living beings, and especially the great kindness that you have shown me. Therefore I request your permission to leave the palace. ”When his parents heard this they were shocked, and the king refused to grant his permission. Prince Siddhartha said to his father “Father, if you can give me permanent freedom from the sufferings of birth, sickness, aging and death I shall stay in the palace; but if you cannot I must leave and make my human life meaningful.”
C) India, therefore is the land, where Buddhism originated. Lord Buddha was an Indian prince, who abandoned all materialistic pleasures to find the real truth of life. His teachings today have immense significance. The Indian sub-continent witnessed the rise of Buddha and then his thoughts in the later half of the 6th century BCE and the first half of the 5th century BCE. It was after 528 BCE, the year of His enlightenment, that He started preaching the doctrine of Dharma to His disciples.