Sikh philosophy related Events

A) The way of life for followers known as Sikhs developed during Guru Era, that they believed in the right of an individual to practice a religion of his or her own choice and fought against tyranny of the then ruling King Jahangir.The fourth Mughal Emperor wrote in his memoirs, Tuzak-i-Jahangiri about Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of Sikhs, “For a long time the thought had been presenting itself to me that he should be bought to the fold of Islam”. In 1606, when the Guru refused the forceful conversion, he was put to death by boiling in a cauldron and sitting on a hot iron plate. Guru Har Gobind Ji, the sixth Guru of Sikhs, raised his voice again the oppression by Muslim Extremists and fought against them for years. During late 1600s, Aurangzeb, the 6th Mughal ruler a known fanatic ruler desired to convert every Indian to Islam.

B) Emperor, Akbar, supported religious freedom and after visiting the langar of Guru Amar Das, got a favorable impression of Sikhism. As a result of his visit, he donated land to the langar and the Sikh gurus enjoyed a positive relationship with the Mughal Empire until his death in 1605.Jahangir, saw the Sikhs as a political threat, he arrested Guru Arjun Dev ji because of Sikh support for Khusrau Mirza and ordered him to be put to death by torture. Guru Arjan Dev’s martyrdom led to the sixth Guru, Guru Har Gobind, declaring Sikh sovereignty in the creation of the Akal Takht and the establishment of a fort to defend Amritsar. Jahangir attempted to assert authority over the Sikhs by jailing Guru Har Gobind at Gwalior and released him after a number of years but along with other 52 Hindu kings, mostly belonging to Hill states ,on initiative by Guru Sahib. The Sikh community did not have any further issues with the Mughal Empire until the death of Jahangir in 1627. The son of Jahangir, Shah Jahan, took offense at Guru Har Gobind’s “sovereignty” and after a series of assaults on Amritsar forced the Sikhs to retreat to the Sivalik Hills.

C) Sh Guru Gobind Singh, during his visit to Deccan in September 1708,met Lachhman Dev alias Madho Dass Bairagi, originally from the Jammu region, who became follower & baptized on 3 September 1708 to be a Sikh ,renamed as Baba Banda Singh Bahadur (born Oct 1670),revered as one of greatest Sikh warriors as well as one of the most hallowed martyrs of the Khalsa Army. He was assigned Mission to confront cruelty, tyranny and terrorism of Mughal rule over non Muslims. He, on defeating all those coming on his way, during journey for about a year between September 1708 to 1709, reached Chhpar Zhiri, near Mohali and defeated Sirhind Mughal Governor. He after establishment of SIKH RULE on the name & seal of Guru Nanak Sahib – Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, established his headquarters, in the beginning of February 1710, at Mukhlispur situated in lower Shiwalik hills south of Nahan, about 20 KM from Sadhaura. His fort stood on a hill top.

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