Historic Sikh Battle of Jamrud in 1837

The Battle of Jamrud in 1837 became the last confrontation between the Sikhs and the Afghans. Hari Singh Nalwa was one of the Greatest Generals in the World; seven feet height, knowledge for more then 6 languages, expert in war affairs got seriously injured, by enemy war tactics, when attacked in disguise of Sikh (Nihang) soldier, later died for the serious wounds. Gulab Singh was born in a Hindu Dogra Rajput family (1792–1857), was the first Raja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, the second largest princely state in British India. After the defeat of the Sikhs ,on contributions by such (traitor ) unfaithful Raja of Kashmir, in the First Anglo-Sikh War, Gulab Singh, who earlier served as Prime Minister of the Sikhs state, received from the British all the lands in Kashmir that were ceded to them by the Sikhs by the Treaty of Lahore to Gulab Singh for Nanakshahi (official monetary unit of Sikh Empire). 7,500,000/-. The tragedy of circumstances is that Gulab Singh was considered a trusted one by Maharaja Ranjit Singh ,who in connivance with British, engineered attack on Kabul to remove Hari Singh Nalwa, the strongest /intelligent generals from the scene for future British designs. The war messages sent by Nalwa were blocked by Raja Gulab Singh ,was not allowed to reach Maharaja Ranjit Singh when he had sought support to defend invasion on Kabul.

C ) The Afghans, on demise of Nalwa, retreated to Kabul to deal with the Persian invasion on its western border in Herat and internal fighting between various princes. Maharaja Ranjit Singh died in 1839, after a reign of nearly forty years, leaving seven sons by different queens. After the First Anglo-Sikh War, In 1845. Ranjit Singh’s Empire was grounded and all major decisions were managed by the British East India Company. The Army of Ranjit Singh was reduced, under the peace treaty with the British, to a nominal force. Those who gave the stiffest resistance to the British were severely punished and their wealth confiscated except for two Sikh Generals namely Majithias & Sandhawalis who signed the take over for British. In the spring of 1864, Maharani Jind Kaur was cremated at Nasik in Bombay on the Panchvati side of the river. The British authorities would not allow Dalip Singh to cremate his mother on the land of Punjab.

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